Benjamin Franklin Jamison was born,
lived, and died in Bedford County, Pa. The farmer, Union
soldier, school teacher, Justice of the Peace, husband of
Caroline (Whetstone) Jamison, and father of ten, survived,
Antietam, The Wilderness, Potomac River, Spotsylvania, North
Anna River, Cold Harbor, and Andersonville Prison.
Ben volunteered twice for service in the
Union Army. Born March 19, 1843, in East Providence
Township, the son of David Jamison, Sr., and Sophia (Defibaugh)
Jamison, young Ben was a farmer in Snake Spring Valley,
before volunteering. The blue eyed, fair complexed, light
haired, 5'8" lad, enlisted in Huntiondon, Pa., on August 7,
1862, as a private in Company I, 125th Infantry Regiment,
Less than two months later, on September
17th, 1862, at The Battle of Antietam Creek, near
Sharpsburg, Md., Ben was shot in the left thigh. He was
first removed to the hospital a Chambersburg, Pa., and
remained there for eight days. He was then moved to
Harrisburg, Pa., and lodged in a school house downtown and
treated for his wounds. A few days later he was moved to the
Walnut Street Hospital, then to Camp Curtin, Harrisburg, Pa.
He contracted typhoid fever and was so delirious he did not
recognize his father who had been summoned and stayed with
Ben for eight weeks, while he was being treated by Dr. Hays.
The first part of January 1863, he was given a leave of
absence by the physicians to go home. His father accompanied
him on the train. Ben was so weak, he was not able to walk
or help himself, nor did he regain saneness until April. He
was discharged from the Army, May 18th, 1863.
So ended round one of Benjamin F. Jamison vs The
Confederacy. One would think, enough is enough, but after
ten months of healing at home, the Bedford County farmer
went back for more. On February 22, 1864, he once again
enrolled, as a private, this time in Company B, 110th
Infantry Regiment, Pa. Volunteers. The first time he served
he received $13.00 a month, which was a private's pay in
those days. This time he received a $60.00 bounty, plus one
month's pay of $13.00 in advance. He was next listed on the
March 11, 1864, muster roll of the 110th Regiment Pa.
Infantry, at Carlisle Barracks, Carlisle, Pa.
The Spring of 1864 brought General Grant's Overland
Campaign. In May, Private Jamison was part of The Battle of
the Wilderness, on May 6th; Potomac River, on May 10th;
Spotsylvania, May 12th, 14th, and 19th; North Anna River and
Cold Harbor, where he was captured, on June 2nd, 1864. He
was confined at Richmond, Va., June 3rd and shipped by
railcar, with other Yankee prisoners, to Andersonville, Ga.
Arriving June 8th, 1864, he was held prisoner in the open
stockade, where thousands of men died of starvation,
exposure and disease.
After surviving nine months in Andersonville Prison, Union
soldier number 153-871, was paroled at Wilmington, N.C.,
March 1st, 1865. From there, he was taken by steamship to
the U.S. Army General Hospital, Division 2, Saint John's
College, Annapolis, Md., where he was a patient from March
27th, until furloughed April 24th, 1865. The depot
Quarter-Master's office furnished furlough transportation
for Ben from Annapolis, Md, to Harrisburg, Pa. at a cost of
$2.77. Ben drew the following articles of clothing: (1)
forage cap, (1) flannel sack coat, (1) pr. trousers, (2)
flannel shirts, (2) prs. drawers, (2) stockings, and (1)
great coat. These items were deducted from his pay when he
was mustered out at Harrisburg, Pa., May 21st, 1865.
On May 9th, 1867, in Everett, Pa., Benjamin married Caroline
Whetstone, daughter of Samuel Whetstone and Julia Ann
(Cogan) Whetstone. The young couple settled in Loysburg,
Pa., where Ben was a school teacher, Justice of the Peace,
known as, "Squire Jamison". They built a home on the
northern end of the village, had ten children, and were
active in the Reformed Church. He died April 16, 1920, and
is buried in the cemetery beside the Saint John's United
Church of Christ, in Loysburg.
In January of 2004, Benjamin F. Jamison's name was added to
the Andersonville Prisoner Profile, as a survivor. His name
also was added to the "Walkway of Valor" in the National
Civil War Museum in Harrisburg, Pa., to honor his service in
both the 125th and the 110th.
Benjamin Jamison's Great-Great Grandson and namesake is,
Benjamin James Little. His Great-Great-Great Grandson, who
also carries his name, is Noah Benjamin Martin, both of
Bedford County, Pa.
by: G. W. LIttle
The information for this story is from the U.S. National
Archives, The Jamison Family Bible, Andersonville Prisoner
Profile and The National Civil War Museum. Researched by J.
Arthur Little and Gaylord W. Little